A recent Scandinavian study looking at type 1 diabetes, found a relationship between weight gained during the first year of life and the onset of type 1 diabetes in childhood. This study done with data from Norway and Denmark is interesting due to the fact that the Nordic countries have the highest burden of type 1 diabetes. It seems that faster growth may be one of the keys in this, however, type 1 diabetes is a complicated disease and the researchers are not ready to make any concrete recommendations on limiting child growth until more research can be done.
Magnus M.C., Olsen S.F., Granström C., Joner, G., Skrivarhaug, T., Svensson, J., Johannesen, J., Njølstad, P., Magnus, P., Størdal, K., Stene, L.C. (2015) Infant Growth and Risk of Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes in Children From 2 Scandinavian Birth Cohorts. JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(12):e153759. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3759.